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Journal of Applied and Natural Science
An International Journal | Print ISSN: 0974-9411 | Online ISSN: 2231-5209
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Abstract
Journal of Applied and Natural Science 8 (1) : 257-264 (2016)
Strategy for mitigating fuel wood induced forest degradation in tribal landscape of Jharkhand, India .
M. A. Islam1* and S. M. S. Quli2
1Faculty of Forestry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura, Sopore-193201 (J&K), INDIA
2Faculty of Forestry, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi-834006 (Jharkhand), INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: ajaztata@gmail.com
Abstract : The study was conducted to examine the extent of fuel wood dependence in the forests and mitigate the pressure by evolving an eco-friendly strategy in Bundu block of Ranchi District in Jharkhand, India. Multi-stage random sampling technique was employed to select 164 tribal households from 9 villages. Well -structured pre-tested interview schedule and non-participant observations were used for data collection, which were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results revealed that the total extraction of fuel wood from different sources was 598.60 tons annum -1 @ of 0.68 tons capita-1 annum-1, of which, 308.16 tons annum-1 was secured from forests, 133.31 tons annum -1 from agriculture field, 90.45 tons annum-1 from community land and 66.68 tons annum -1 from homesteads. The fuel wood use breakup recorded 486.24 tons annum -1 for cooking, 45.79 tons annum-1 by cottage industries, 41.07 tons annum -1 for heating, 18.80 tons annum -1 for community function and 6.70 tons annum -1 for others. The forests were exposed to fuel wood pressure of 308.16 tons annum -1 (51.48%) posing ample deforestation and degradation. A strategy consisted of energy interventions viz., biogas production (85351.60 m 3 annum-1), agroforestry (36.84 tons annum-1) and energy plantation (92.10 tons annum -1) is proposed, the implementation of which can mitigate the fuel wood induced forest degradation besides fuel wood security of 846.14 tons annum -1 against the present fuel wood procurement of 598.60 tons annum -1. The strategy designed needs to be implemented to substitute the current unsustainable extraction of fuel wood, safeguard the future fuel wood predicament and eliminate the fuel wood pressure on forests.

Keywords : Forest degradation, Fuel wood, Mitigation, Tribe, Jharkhand
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