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Journal of Applied and Natural Science
An International Journal | Print ISSN: 0974-9411 | Online ISSN: 2231-5209
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Abstract
Journal of Applied and Natural Science 8 (1) : 133-139 (2016)
Agro-metrological investigation of bumper apple productivity in Himachal Pradesh, India
Ranbir Singh Rana1*, Manmohan Singh2, Ramesh1, Aditya3 and Ranu Pathania4
1Centre for Geo- Informatics Research and Training, Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur- 176062 (Himachal Pradesh), INDIA
2 Meteorological Centre, Shimla-171001 (Himachal Pradesh), INDIA
3Department of Environmental Sciences, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan-173212 (Himachal Pradesh), INDIA
4Department of Agronomy, Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur- 176062 (Himachal Pradesh), INDIA
*Corresponding author: E-mail: ranars66@gmail.com
Abstract : The study aimed to investigate the productivity and weather relationship for the apple growing areas of Himachal Pradesh viz., Kalpa, Bhuntar and Shimla in district Kinnaur, Kullu and Shimla, respectively. The results revealed that pre bloom period (November to February) in the year 2009-10 remained cooler. The minimum temperature of 0.4 to 0.9, 1.0 to 1.1˚C and 1.9 to 2.2˚C and maximum temperature of 6.7, 1.0 to 1.1 and 1.7˚C were lower in Shimla, Bhuntar and Kalpa region, respectively compared to 1995-2009.. The maximum temperature for the chill accumulation months of November, December, January and February during 2009-10 showed 13 to 19 per cent lower compared to 1995-2009. The average pre bloom rainfall during 2010 was 39 to 57 per cent higher than 1995- 2009 indicating sustainable bloom period. The 3 to 4˚C temperature rise during March 2010 (19 to 24˚C) as compared to 1995-2009 (16 to 21.4˚C) coupled with 52 per cent higher precipitation benefited the crop in profuse flowering and hence good fruit set. The average maximum temperature during the post bloom period (May-June) in 2009- 10 was 1˚C higher compared to the previous years coupled with 23 per cent higher rainfall resulting in an highest productivity. The highest productivity (8.57 MT/ha) during 2010 which was 58 per cent higher than the previous years can be ascribed due to the favorable low temperature in pre bloom period and increase in the temperature in the month of March along with adequate rainfall in the bloom and post bloom period.

Keywords : Apple, Flowering, Precipitation, Productivity, Temperature
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