Journal of Applied and Natural Science 8 (1) : 107-111 (2016)
Characterization of wheat (Triticum aestivum) for stay green trait
Naresh Pratap Singh* and Vaishali
Department of Biotechnology, SVP University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110 (U.P.), INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract : Stay green trait is one of the major character of the crops like wheat, rice etc. to sustain under abiotic
stresses. In the present study, 10 wheat varieties were collected to develop the stay green genotype by treating
them with 0.5% Ethyl methanesulphonate (EMS) for 60 minutes. The various morphological and physiological characteristics such as: plant height, leaf area, numbers of productive tillers/plant, seeds per spike, 1000 grain weight,
related water content (RWC), chlorophyll content etc. were recorded under controlled and treatment conditions. Exceptionally, K 7410 and RAJ 3765 varieties showed better value of all morpho-physiological characters among all
the ten wheat varieties in control and treatment like 1000 grain weight 58.50 to 60.89g and 56.89 to 58.07g etc.
Such mutants of these two varieties may be considered as stay green mutants and can perform better under abiotic
stress conditions like drought, high temperature.
Keywords :Morphological parameters, Physiological characters, Stay green trait, Wheat