Journal of Applied and Natural Science 7 (2): 714-718 (2015)
Effect of rate of application on degradation of imazethapyr in groundnut and soil under tropical Indian condition
C. Babu1, *P. Janaki2 and C. Chinnusamy3
All India Coordinated Research Project on Weed Control, Department of Agronomy, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641003, INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract : Pesticides though formulated to be biologically degradable, few herbicides reported to cause surface and groundwater contamination which needs the monitoring of herbicide residues in environment continuously. Thus, to monitor the persistence and residues in crops, imazethapyr degradation studies were conducted in soil with groundnut cropping under Indian tropical condition. A groundnut field was treated with different doses of imazethapyr as early post emergence. Results showed that the degradation of imazethapyr in soil and groundnut plant followed first order reaction kinetics irrespective of the dose. The residue of imazethapyr persists in soil up to 60 days at higher rates of application while it persists up to 30 days in plant with the calculated half life of 2.8 to 7.4 days in soil and 5.1 to 5.9 days in plant. At the time of harvest, the residue of imazethapyr in soil, groundnut haulm or pods were below the detectable limit of 0.008 mg/kg across different doses of application. However, the continuous and inappropriate use in light textured soils may cause groundwater contamination and bioaccumulation in plant system. Hence, a pre harvest interval of 75 days must be allowed after the application of imazethapyr for the weed control in groundnut.
Keywords : Groundnut, HPLC, Imazethapyr, Persistence, Soil