Journal of Applied and Natural Science 7 (1): 521–539 (2015)
Seed treatments for sustainable agriculture-A review.
K.K. Sharma1*, U.S. Singh2, Pankaj Sharma3, Ashish Kumar4 and Lalan Sharma5
1Vivekanand Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan-Almora-263601,(Uttarakhand), INDIA
2IRRI-9th Floor, Aggarwal Corporate Tower, Rajendra Place, New Delhi-110 008, INDIA
3Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PAU-141004, Ludhiana (Punjab), INDIA
4Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur-482004 (Madhya Pradesh), INDIA
5NBAIM, Kusmaur, Mau Nath Bhanjan-275101, (Uttar Pradesh), INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract : Seed treatment refers to the application of certain agents physical, chemical or biological
to the seed prior to sowing in order to suppress, control or repel pathogens, insects and other pests that attack seeds,
seedlings or plants and it ranges from a basic dressing to coating and pelleting. Introduction and ban of arsenic (used
from 1740 until 1808) is the key milestones in the history of modern seed treatment till then a continuous research and
advancement in this technology is going on. The technological advancement prepared a roadmap for refining existing seed
treatment technologies and future work on technologies like fluid drilling as a way to sow germinated seeds where gel can
also serve as a delivery system for other materials, seed priming advances the early phase of germination without redicle
emergence. Another advanced technology, solid matrix priming (SMP) has been evaluated as a means to advances the germination
of seeds and serve as a carrier for useful material too. Physical and biological seed treatments alone an alternative to chemicals
or in combination with a chemical treatment are being used worldwide because of their environmental safety and socioeconomic aspects.
Biological seed treatments are expected to be one of the fastest growing seed treatment sectors in the near future, in part because
they are easier to register at Environment Protection Agency (EPA). Lack of awareness to seed treatments at farmer’s level is one
of the limiting factors in disease management and hence, efforts should be made at farmer’s level to adopt the technology. Keeping
the all above facts in mind, selected seed treatment technologies with their improvement and significance will be discussed in this
Keywords : Biopriming, Fluid drilling, Pelleting, Seed coating, Seed treatment.