Journal of Applied and Natural Science 7 (1): 203–210 (2015)
Statistical optimization of culture medium for yellow pigment production by Thermomyces sp.
R. Poorniammal*, S. Gunasekaran1 and R. Murugesan1
*Regional Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Kovilangulam, Aruppukottai -626107, INDIA.
1Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore -641003, INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract : In present study, Thermomyces sp. were able to produce high yield of yellow pigments screened. Pigment production
by Thermomyces sp was optimized by employing factorial design and response surface techniques in submerged fermentation. The variables
evaluated were the concentrations of, sucrose, yeast extract, ammonium sulphate, magnesium sulphate and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
having as response pigment production. One factor at-a-time method was employed for the optimization of media components. Response surface
methodology (RSM) optimized these nutrient parameters for maximum yellow pigment production (1387 OD units), which resulted at 35.5 g/L
sucrose 5.5 g/L yeast extract, 2.5 g/L NH4SO4, 0.3 g/L MgSO4 and 1.0 g/L K2HPO4 in the medium. Response surface methodology (RSM) was
further used to determine the optimum values of process variables for maximum yellow pigment production. The fit of the quadratic model was
found to be significant. A significant increase in yellow pigment production was achieved using RSM.
Keywords : Nutrient parameters, Response surface methodology, Thermomyces sp, Yellow pigment