Journal of Applied and Natural Science 6 (2): 729-737 (2014)
Rotifer communities of religious water bodies of Haryana (India): Biodiversity,
distribution and ecology.
Anita Bhatnagar* and Pooja Devi
Department of Zoology Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra -136119 (Haryana), INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract : The rotifer communities of eight religious water bodies
of Haryana characterized by different trophic status reveal 44 species belonging
to 15 genera and 12 families, represent the richest biodiversity of rotifers.
Brachionus, Asplanchna and Keratella genus were found to be
pollution tolerant species and common at all the selected water bodies viz.,
Brahmsarovar and Jyotisar at Kurukshetra; Saraswati tirth, Pehowa; Kapalmochan,
Yamunanagar; Phalgu tirth, Kaithal; Banganga tirth , Dayalpur; Pandu Pindara,
Jind and Kultarn Tirth, Kirmach. whereas Gastropus, Testudinella, Monostyla
clasterocerca, Lecane arcula, Filina terminalis were found to be specific
at Brahmsarovar (site 1); Filinia longiseta at Phalgu (site 2);
Lecane ploenensis, Euchlanis dilata at Pehowa (site 3); B.
budapestinensis, B. nilsoni, Asplanchna brightwelli, Asplanchna sieboldii,
Polyurthera were specific to Kirmach (site 4); Monostyla decipiens,
Anauraepsis nevicula at Jyotisar (site 5); Trichocera porcellus at
Kapal mochan (site 7); Keratella cochlearis, Trichocera capucina were
found to be specific at the BanGanga (site 8,). However, no specific species
appeared at Pandu Pindara (site 6). Seasonal variations were also observed at
all the sites during spring, monsoon, post monsoon and in winters. A positive
correlation of rotifer abundance was observed with temperature (r = 0.356, P <
0.05), BOD (r = 0.413, P < 0.05) and Ammonia (r = 0.378, P < 0.05) whereas a
negative correlation was observed with DO (r = -0.385, P < 0.05) showing that
these were the main factors affecting the richness, diversity and density of
rotifers. The rotifer communities of each site can be reconstructed from the
tables and figures making this inventory an important benchmark for evaluating
future regional environment change..
Keywords : Plankton, Religious activities, Rotifer community,
Species Diversity Indices, Zooplankton.