Journal of Applied and Natural Science 5 (2): 447-450 (2013)
Micro-histological analysis of faeces of Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar gray in Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India
Manish Kukreti*, Surman Arya and Suneel Kumar Singh11
Department of Zoology, Government Post Graduate College, Gopeshwar, Chamoli, (Uttarakhand), INDIA
1Department of Biotechnology, Modern Institute of Technology, Dhalwala, Rishikesh - 249 201, (Uttarakhand), INDIA
*Corresponding author: Email: email@example.com
Abstract : In vivo studies on the feeding of Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar Gray) in Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand and micro-histological analysis of 104 samples of its faeces were investigated during January 2011 to December 2012, to get information on vegetative and non-vegetative diet and feeding behaviour. Plant matter constituted a major portion of the faecal content (87.73±4.31µg) and represented by 14 families. Non- vegetative matter could be recorded as 9.36±1.46µg of dry weight which represented by 8 orders of the arthropods. Fine organic matter + grits constitute was found to be 2.84%±1.17µg in faecal content. Saxifragaceae, Graminaceae, Rosaceae, Poaceae and Fabaceae were found the best plant families for Chukar diet while arthropod insects order like Diptera, Dissotera, Hymenoptera and Araneae remained favorite feeds. Flowers and fruits of Rhus parviflora, leaves of Rumax, roots/tuber of Vigna and fruits of Rubus were found important diet of Chukar partridge along with Triticum in Rabi crop and Oryza in Kharif. Flies, grasshoppers, spiders were observed the main insects diet of Chukar partridge.
Keywords : Arthropods, Chukar partridge, Faecal analysis, Plants.