Journal of Applied and Natural Science 4(2):252-257(2012)
Analysis of avian-biodiversity in rural wetland environs in Panipat district in Haryana, India
Rohtash Chand Gupta, Tirshem Kumar Kaushik and Prem Kumari Gupta
1Department of Zoology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (Haryana), INDIA 2Govt. Senior Secondary School, Umri, Kurukshetra (Haryana), INDIA 3Department of Chemistry, Indira Gandhi National College, Ladwa, Kurukshetra (Haryana), INDIA #Present Address: H.No-566/3, Urban Estate, Kurukshetra-136118(Haryana), INDIA *Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com Received: August 8, 2012; Revised received: September 9, 2012; Accepted: October 6, 2012
Abstract : The present study has observed 67 species of wetland birds, belonging to, 10 orders and 18 families from rural wetland Environs in Panipat district located at a distance of 90 KMs north of Delhi on National Highway No.1 (29.39°N 76.97°E) in Haryana, India. Out of 67 species, 35 species were winter migrants, 18 residents, 10 local migrants and four species were summer migrants. Peculiar species of birds recorded in Panipat rural ponds are Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala, White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus, Asian openbill- Stork Anastomus oscitans, Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus, Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus, Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, Brahminy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos, Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula and Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus. On the other hand, familiar species include amongst others, Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus, Common Coot Fulica atra, Northern Shoveller Anas clypeata, Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Common Teal Anas crecca, Common Pochard Aythya ferina, Gadwall Anas strepera and Lesser-whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica etc. Longest stay during winter season was demonstrated by birds like Northern Shoveller, Northern Pintail, Bar-headed Goose, Greylag Goose and Rudy Shelduck, whereas shortest winter sojourn was observed in case of Mallard, Eurasian Wigeon and Common Pochard. It is interesting to note that migratory birds like Northern Shoveller, Northern Pintail, Common Teal, Bar-headed Goose, Tufted Pochard, and Common Pochard come to Panipat rural ponds from very far off places like Central Russia, Caspian USSR, Siberia, Ladhakh and Central Asia, West and Central Asia and Siberia respectively.
Keywords : Avian biodiversity, Rural wetland environs, Winter migratory, Panipat, Haryana