Journal of Applied and Natural Science 4(1):104-110(2012)
Composition, productivity and impact of grazing on the biodiversity of a grazing land in Almora District
Prem Prakash1* and A. K. Paliwal 2
1Department of Botany, Govt. P.G. College, Dwarahat, Almora (Uttarakhand), INDIA 2Department of Botany, Govt. P.G. College, Bageshwar (Uttarakhand), INDIA *Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract : Biodiversity of Almora district is heavily affected in the areas with heavy grazing pressure, although moderate grazing enhanced the biodiversity of the area. In the present study site a total of 45 herbaceous species were present and therophytes were dominant among them. Live shoot biomass of plants varied from 175.0±3.5 to 1862.0±5.75 kg/ha and 87.0±3.25 to 1303.0±7.50 kg/ha in ungrazed and grazed plots respectively. Aboveground primary productivity was significantly higher on control plot (3082.2 kg/ha) over grazed plot (2644.0 kg/ha). The average bite frequency per hour was recorded maximum for goats (1106.5 bite/hr) and least for buffalos (920 bites/ hr). The monthly dry matter consumption per animal was amounted to 157.15, 154.51, 68.66 and 61.34 kg for cow, buffalo, sheep and goat respectively under nomadic open grazing. The percent herbage exploitation was observed maximum by sheep (9.82%) and minimum by buffalo (8.75%).
Keywords : Bite frequency, Consumption, Phenology, Phenophases, System transfer function