Journal of Applied and Natural Science 3(2):340-351(2011)
Role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in global sustainable development
Ashok Aggarwal*, Nisha Kadian, Anju Tanwar, Alpa Yadav and K. K. Gupta 1
Mycology and Plant Pathology Laboratory, Department of Botany, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119 (Haryana), INDIA 1Department of Botany and Microbiology, Gurukula Kangri University, Haridwar-249404 (Uttarakhand), INDIA *Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract : Mycorrhizal symbiosis is a highly evolved mutually beneficial relationship that exists between Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and most of the vascular plants. The majority of the terrestrial plants form association with Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) or Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). This symbiosis confers benefits directly to the host plant’s growth and development through the acquisition of Phosphorus (P) and other mineral nutrients from the soil by the AMF. In addition, their function ranges from stress alleviation to bioremediation in soils polluted with heavy metals. They may also enhance the protection of plants against pathogens and increases the plant diversity. This is achieved by the growth of AMF mycelium within the host root (intra radical) and out into the soil (extra radical) beyond. Proper management of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi has the potential to improve the profitability and sustainability of agricultural systems. In this review article, the discussion is restricted to the mycorrhizal benefits and their role in sustainable development.
Keywords : Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi, Sustainable development, Growth improvement, Nutrient uptake