Applied and Natural Science Foundation
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Journal of Applied and Natural Science
An International Journal | Print ISSN: 0974-9411 | Online ISSN: 2231-5209
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Abstract
Journal of Applied and Natural Science 2(2):230-233(2010)
Relationship of susceptibility and growth stages of plant for development of epidemic of sheath blight in rice
Ramji Singh 1*, Laxmi Shankar Singh, Durga Prasad, R.S.Kureel 2, Rakesh Sengar3 and Alka Singh
Department of Plant Pathology, N. D. University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Faizabad, INDIA
1 Department of Plant Pathology, S. V. P. University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, INDIA
2 NOVOD Board, Gurgaon, INDIA
3 Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, S. V. P. University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, INDIA
*Corresponding author. E-mail: singh.ramji@gmail.com
Abstract : The present paper deals with most susceptible growth stage of rice with different farms and quantitiy of inoculum for development of sheath blight of rice by Rhizoctonia solani.Among seven different growth stages of rice crop i.e. seedling, initial tillering, maximum tillering, boot leaf, panicle emergence, flowering and dough stage, the flowering stage was found to be most susceptible and highly prone for sheath blight development, while seedling stage was found to be least susceptible and with low proneness for disease development. Disease severity, number and length of lesions get increased with the increasing crop growth stages up to flowering stage and thereafter disease severity decreases with the increases in further growth stages of rice plant. Among four different growth stages of the pathogen (inoculum capa City) i.e. five days old mycelium, seven days old mycelium, milky sclerotial stage and mature sclerotial stage which were inoculated at maximum tillering stage of rice plants, five days old mycelial inoculum was found to be most virulent. Disease severity decreased and incubation period increased with further ageing of inoculum. Among five different amount of inoculum (inoculum density) i.e. 0.20 mg, 5.50 mg, 6.00 mg, 7.00 mg and 8.00 mg of sclerotial inoculum, which were inoculated at maximum tillering stage of rice plants, highest disease severity and minimum incubation period was observed with 8.00 mg amount of sclerotial inoculum. Whereas, least disease severity and longest incubation period was observed when inoculation was done with 0.2 mg of sclerotial inoculum.

Keywords : Crop growth stages, Inoculum capa City, Inoculum density, Epidemics
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