Applied and Natural Science Foundation
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Journal of Applied and Natural Science
An International Journal | Print ISSN: 0974-9411 | Online ISSN: 2231-5209
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Abstract
Journal of Applied and Natural Science 2(1):145-158(2010)
A review of the use of composted municipal solid waste in agriculture
S.P. Gautam1, P.S. Bundela2, A.K. Pandey3, R.K. Jain4, P.R. Deo2, S.K. Khare2, M.K. Awasthi2* and Surendra Sarsaiya2
1Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, INDIA
2Regional office M.P. Pollution Control Board, Vijay Nagar Jabalpur (M.P.), INDIA
3Mycological Research Laboratories, Department of Biological Sciences, R.D. University, Jabalpur-482001 (M.P.), INDIA
4 Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board, Bhopal, (M.P.), INDIA
*Corresponding Author: E-mail-mukesh_awasthi45@yahoo.com
Abstract : Municipal solid waste (MSW) compost is increasingly used in agriculture as a soil conditioner but also as a fertilizer. Proponents of this practice consider it an important recycling tool since MSW would otherwise be land ûlled and critics are concerned with its often elevated metal concentrations. Large amounts of MSW compost are frequently used in agriculture to meet crop N requirements and for the addition of organic matter. The main concern is loading the soil with metals that can result in increased metal content of crops. Furthermore, in some cases, metals and excess nutrients can move through the soil proûle into groundwater. Municipal solid waste compost has also been reported to have high salt concentrations, which can inhibit plant growth and negatively affect soil structure. A review of relevant agricultural studies is presented as well as recommendations for improving MSW compost quality. Its safe use in agriculture can be ensured with source separation (or triage of MSW to be composted) as well as the development and implementation of comprehensive industry standards.

Keywords : Compost, Metal contamination, Municipal solid waste, Organic waste recycling
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