Applied and Natural Science Foundation
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Journal of Applied and Natural Science
An International Journal | Print ISSN: 0974-9411 | Online ISSN: 2231-5209
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Abstract
Journal of Applied and Natural Science 1(2):235-240(2009)
Prevalence of Eomenacanthus stramineus (Insecta, Phthiraptera, Amblycera, Menoponidae) on poultry birds (Gallus gallus F. Domesticus) of Jaunpur
Suneel Kumar Singh1 *, Surman2 , A.K. Saxena3 , Nisha Maurya4 and Suresh Chandra4
1 Department of Biotechnology, Modern Institute of Technology, Dhalwala, Rishikesh (Dehradun) –249 201, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Zoology, Govt.Raza P.G.College, Rampur (U.P.) 244 901,India
3 Department of Zoology, Govt.P.G.College, Gopeshwar (Chamoli), Uttarakhand, India
4 Ecology and Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Kutir (P.G.) College, Chakke, Jaunpur (U.P.) 222 146,India
*Corresponding author. E-mail: drsuneelkumarsingh@yahoo.co.in
Abstract : A total of 1,020 poultry birds belonging to twelve different localities of Jaunpur district were surveyed during May 2006 to April 2007 to record the prevalence rate of Eomenacanthus stramineus. Prevalence of E. stramineus was noted more or less similar in both the sexes (Male – 38% and Female – 39%). Maximum birds bore very low infestation (32%) while only 7% birds exhibited very heavily infestation. Host sex, feather colour and locality had negligible effect on prevalence rate. However, prevalence rate remained slightly higher on birds with poor plumage/health. Significant positive correlation existed between mean monthly prevalence rate and mean monthly temperature as well as photoperiod. Mean monthly incidence rate were recorded higher during summer (May and June) as compared to winter months.

Keywords : Phthiraptera, Amblycera, Menoponidae, Poultry louse, Eomenacanthus, Gallus gallus,F.domesticus
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